Deep sea diving has always attracted people with the enigmas which reign under the tons of water, usually ocean waters, though divers explore all possible water reservoirs. Many followers of deep sea diving cannot imagine their lives without this type of sports as it opens for them an entirely new world which they can never meet above the surface. Nowadays, deep sea divers often use scuba diving equipment which allows to breathe deep under the water due to the air tank; therefore, it is also commonly called scuba diving. However, there are still some proponents of snorkelling just below the surface. The sport can give us unforgettable impressions but not without certain risks which we are going to have a closer look at in this essay.
Most of people who ever tried scuba diving consider it to be a safe sport: With a good training and responsible attitude, we can enjoy the underwater beauties safely. If some casualties or injuries happen during going under the water, it is almost always the outcome of people’s recklessness (Scuba Diving Risks, n.d.).
Nonetheless all the positive prognoses there are certain risks involved into the deep sea diving. The proper training usually helps to avoid most of those hazards and gives a very careful outline all the possible risks which can emerge. The majority of those health problems which can arise are usually certain barotraumas forms, caused by different pressure alteration. The next two most important reasons for the negative consequences to arise are naturally environmental or mechanical complications and the impending risk with gas absorption (Scuba Diving Risks, n.d.). Below I will try to research more on these problems.
The water weight usually causes a great increase in the air pressure which is inside any material which can be compressed, including lungs and a wetsuit. This pressure directly depends on the depth – I can compare it with the atmosphere which exerts a great influence at sea level. All injuries which happen due to the changes of the pressure are named barotraumas. Such injuries are quite painful – sinuses damage and ruptured eardrum are just a few of them. In order to prevent such damages, different techniques should be applied. For example, dry suit is balanced by deflation and inflation and a mask balances regular exhaling with the help of nose (Gupta, 2011). Barotraumas can occur only in the space filled with gas and within rigid walls. If the walls are elastic, this injury will never happen unless the volume alteration exceeds the elasticity level of the walls. The next condition for barotraumas is the enclosed space – without it no damage can occur as the gas can leave the space (the only exception is blood system). What all divers have to remember is that this injury usually never occurs if their physiology and anatomy function well and if they use proper equipment and behave accordingly to the instructor’s directives. The first symptom of barotraumas is pain, then come numbness, facial paralysis, or vertigo (Health Hazards …
Posted by: Chad Steffy