How a bill becomes a law Essay

How a bill becomes a law

How does a bill become a law?

A bill is an idea for a new law, or an idea to change or do away with an existing law.
Prior to a bill becoming a law, it must be approved by the United States House of
Representatives, the United States Senate, and the President of the United States. Anyone
can come up with an idea for a new law. However, only a member of Congress can introduce
legislation so any one with new ideas for a new law must contact their Representatives to
discuss their ideas. Once their idea is researched and agreed upon, the Representative
writes it into a bill and talks it over with other Representatives to try to get others to
back up the bill and sponsor it. When the bill has been supported and sponsored by
Representatives the bill can be introduce to the House of Representatives. Then a bill
clerk in the House of Representatives assigns it a number and a reading clerk then reads
the bill to all the Representatives, and the Speaker of the House sends the bill to one of
the House standing committees. At the committee member who are experts review, research,
revise and closely examines the bill then opinions are gathered before voting on whether
or not to send the bill back to the House floor. Oftentimes, bills are referred to a
subcommittee for study and hearings. Hearings provide the opportunity to put on the record
the views of the executive branch, experts, other public officials, supporters, and
opponents of the legislation. When the committee has approved a bill they send it back to
the House of Representatives to discuss the bill and explain why they agree or disagree
with it, or have changes then the bill is ready to be voted on. If the majority of the
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Word Count:
510
Page Count:
2

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