Revenge of Beowulf

Revenge is presented both as an honest motive and a rhetorical tactic in Beowulf. For Beowulf himself, reprisal of monsters’ misdeeds is his path to the top: worldwide fame, endless wealth, and universal respect. Grendel’s violence is caused less by revenge than by complete frustration with his situation. Other characters’ actions are fueled directly by … Read More»

Quote the Parrot, “Nevermore”

The most obvious symbol is the raven itself. When Poe had decided to repeat the word “nevermore,” he found that it would be most effective if he used a non-reasoning creature to utter the word. It would make little sense to use a human, since the human could reason to answer the questions the man … Read More»

Porphyria’s Lover

Thanks to the changes wrought by the Industrial Revolution, so many people living in such close quarters, poverty, violence, and sex became part of everyday life. The absence of family and community ties meant newfound personal independence; it also meant the loss of a social safety net. The mid-nineteenth century also saw the rapid growth … Read More»

Poetry Intertextual

The range of poets featured in “Lines to Time” use a variety of poetic devices and writer’s techniques such as symbolism, imagery, alliteration, onomatopoeia, tone, metaphors and humour, to effectively construct an evocative poem.

Poems, their subject and purpose

In the poem “Send Me A Leaf”, Bertolt Brecht informs the responders of the effort friends go to for the smallest returns. He describes a scene in which the protagonist asks someone whom he knows closely to send him a leaf from a bush “that grows at least one half hour/Away from your house”. He … Read More»

Poems for the Eye

What is poetry? Pressed for an answer, Robert Frost made a classic reply: “Poetry is the kind of thing poets write.” In all likelihood, Frost was not trying merely to evade the question but to chide his questioner into thinking for himself. A trouble with definitions is that they may stop thought. The nature of … Read More»


Athene in Odyssey is a supernatural divinity, directing the story to a dramatic end. It was gray-eyed Athene who helped Odysseus make his way home. She, by her supernatural powers, sometimes veils Odysseus, (VII 14-17)

My Papa’s Waltz

The everlasting fight with fire swept away throughout the mother’s kitchen as she stood there barely making any contribution to my nightmare. Her appearance was soothing but handicapped, my cry for help turned into wishful thinking as did hers. Her distant cries only came about in bits and pieces as my father and I waltzed … Read More»