Cognitive StageAge RangeMajor Characteristics SensorimotorBirth- 2 yearsDevelopment of object permanence, development of motor skills, little/no capacity for symbolic representation. Preoperational2- 7 yearsDevelopment of language, development of internal representational system, development of symbolic thinking, egocentric thinking. Concrete operational mastery7-12 years Development of conservation, of reversibility, of concept, loss of egocentrism. Formal operational 12 years – adulthoodDevelopment … Read More»

Child Development Journal

Childhood obesity is becoming a big problem in America and all over the world. Researchers said that the obesity epidemic is striking American children today. 7.3% of boys and 5.5% of girls are classified as extremely obese in the Southern California. The obesity epidemic provokes a lack of physical activity and bad eating habits (addiction … Read More»

Brain and Language

Brain and LanguageLanguage impairment is a serious issue, which may prevent a person from leading a normal life, as well as a full – fledged communication and socialization. Providing effective care to people with language impairment requires profound knowledge of the causes, results and manifestation of the language disorder. However, considering that language impairment is … Read More»

Conflicts of Interest in Child Psychiatry

Child psychiatry is one of the most difficult and questionable spheres in psychology. On the one hand, specialists should do their best in order to treat a child and help him or her grow up to be productive members of society. If there is a little hope for recovery after taking definite pills or getting … Read More»

Significance Test

Verbally, significance means something important for the research, while in statistics, significance means something true, not necessarily important. There are many opinions among scientists on the scientific value of a significance test. The vast majority of scientists criticize the use of significance test advising to return to more scientific methods of data analysis. The first … Read More»

Final Assignment

1. Describe the three basic paradigms of contemporary psychology. Which of these paradigms, any or all, do you think will stand the test of time? Psychology is the theoretical and applied science of behavior and mental processes. Through the largest part of the early 20th century the psychological science was dominated by the behaviourist paradigm. … Read More»

Emotion regulation

Susan Folkman and Judith Tedlie Moskowtiz (2000) form the University of California, San Francisco, research positive affect and other side of coping. Despite the fact that the article, which has been written on the basis of this research covers many aspects of the topic, the researcher recognize that coping and its positive and negative effects … Read More»

The Scientific Method and Central Nervous System

Originally, the word “theory” is related to the Greek verb “theorein”, meaning “to view”, “to observe”. Thus, the etymological background of the word allows us to define the concept as “observation”. But modern definition is narrowed to the meaning to “scientific knowledge” as being opposed to religious of artistic assumption (Zima, 2007). Hypothesis, in its … Read More»

Ageing Phase of Life

Ageing Phase of Life Though ageing is an inevitable process, it is still surrounded by misconceptions (Cavanaugh & Blanchard-Fields, 2011) and, often, by the negative attitude (Lee, et. al., 2007). Age-related changes are, primarily, associated with biological changes, changes in intelligence (Stuart-Hamilton, 2007), and social changes. Gerontologists and psychologists pay much attention to psychical and … Read More»