Spanish-Amerincan War

not quite 43, became the youngest President in the Nation’s history. He

brought new excitement and power to the Presidency, as he vigorously led

Congress and the American public toward progressive reforms and a strong

foreign policy.

He took the view that the President as a “steward of the people”

should take whatever action necessary for the public good unless expressly

forbidden by law or the Constitution.” I did not usurp power,” he wrote,

“but I did greatly broaden the use of executive power.”

Teddy’s years as a child were not all gasping for breath. Teddy

was a very curious child. He loved to go outside into the woods and watch

and study birds and the surrounding wildlife. He liked to record data

about the animals, and enjoyed experimenting. When he grew up, he wrote

books about nature, and went on trips to the mountains of New York often.

Teddy and his father believed Teddy could overcome his sickness.

Mr. Roosevelt set up a gym in the Roosevelt’s house. Teddy worked out more

and more, and after a while began to get stronger. But none of this

happened overnight. When Teddy went to Harvard for college, he and a

friend published a book called “Summer Birds of The Adirondacks.” During

college, Teddy also was deeply saddened when his father died on February

9, 1877.

On October 27, 1880, Theodore Roosevelt walked down the aisle. He

got married to Alice Lee. Theodore also went to Columbia University Law

School. He also wrote a book called “The Naval War of 1812.” He went to

balls and opera’s. And was a very busy man. In 1883, Theodore went West

for a year. When came back from the trip, a new baby girl was born.

Unfortunately, soon after the baby was born, on February 14, in the early

morning, Teddy’s beloved mother died. If that were not enough, Alice died

of Kidney Disease that afternoon.

Teddy, still grieving from the loss of Alice and his mother, went

to the Dakota Territories for several years. He later said that he

wouldn’t have been the same if it wasn’t for the years he spent in the

Dakota Territories.” When he got back from the Dakota’s he married Edith

Carow. In the Spanish-American war in 1898, Theodore was the commander of

a cavalry known as “The Rough Riders.” His work there helped him become

elected as the Governor of New York the same year.

During the Spanish-American War, Roosevelt was lieutenant colonel

of the Rough Rider Regiment, which he led on a charge at the battle of San

Juan. He was one of the most conspicuous heroes of the war.

Boss Tom Platt, needing a hero to draw attention away from

scandals in New York State, accepted Roosevelt as the Republican candidate

for Governor in 1898. Roosevelt won and served with distinction.

As President, Roosevelt held the ideal that the Government should

be the great arbiter of the conflicting economic forces in the Nation,

especially between capital and labor, guaranteeing justice to each and

dispensing favors to none.

Roosevelt emerged spectacularly as a “trust buster” by forcing the

dissolution of a great railroad combination in the Northwest. Other

antitrust suits under the Sherman Act followed.

Roosevelt steered the United States more actively into world

politics. He liked to quote a favorite proverb, “Speak softly and carry a

big stick. . . . ”

Aware of the strategic need for a shortcut between the Atlantic

and Pacific, Roosevelt ensured the construction of the Panama Canal. His

corollary to the Monroe Doctrine prevented the establishment of foreign

bases in the Caribbean and arrogated the sole right of intervention in

Latin America to the United States.

He won the Nobel Peace Prize for mediating the Russo-Japanese War,

he also reached a Gentleman’s Agreement on immigration with Japan, and he

sent the Great White Fleet on a goodwill tour of the world.

Some of Theodore Roosevelt’s most effective achievements were in

conservation. He added enormously to the national forests in the West,

reserved lands for public use, and fostered great irrigation projects.

He crusaded endlessly on matters big and small, exciting audiences

with his high-pitched voice, jutting jaw, and pounding fist. “The life of

strenuous endeavor” was a must for those around him, as he romped with his

five younger children and led ambassadors on hikes through Rock Creek Park

in Washington, D.C.

Leaving the Presidency in 1909, Roosevelt went on an African

safari, then jumped back into politics. In 1912 he ran for President on a

Progressive ticket. To reporters he once remarked that he felt as fit as a

bull moose, the name of his new party.

While campaigning in Milwaukee, he was shot in the chest by a

fanatic. Roosevelt soon recovered, but his words at that time would have

been applicable at the time of his death in 1919: “No man has had a

happier life than I have led; a happier life in every way.”

Vocab. List:

Monroe Doctrine: a U.S. foreign policy that opposes European intervention

in the political affairs of the Western hemisphere. It was first laid down

by President James Monroe in 1823, who stated that “the American

continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed

and maintained, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future

colonization by any European powers. . . . We should consider any attempt

on their part to extend their system to any part of this hemisphere as

dangerous to our peace and safety.” In return, the U.S agreed not to

interfere in the internal affairs of Europe. The Monroe Doctrine was at

the center of debate regarding U.S. involvement in World War I and World

War II, and was also invoked during the Cuban missile crisis in 1962, when

the Soviet Union installed nuclear missiles in Cuba-a violation of the

Monroe Doctrine. However, analysts claim that the

Monroe Doctrine is now declining in importance.

Assassination: The act of assassinating; a killing by treacherous

violence

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