not quite 43, became the youngest President in the Nation’s history. He
brought new excitement and power to the Presidency, as he vigorously led
Congress and the American public toward progressive reforms and a strong
He took the view that the President as a “steward of the people”
should take whatever action necessary for the public good unless expressly
forbidden by law or the Constitution.” I did not usurp power,” he wrote,
“but I did greatly broaden the use of executive power.”
Teddy’s years as a child were not all gasping for breath. Teddy
was a very curious child. He loved to go outside into the woods and watch
and study birds and the surrounding wildlife. He liked to record data
about the animals, and enjoyed experimenting. When he grew up, he wrote
books about nature, and went on trips to the mountains of New York often.
Teddy and his father believed Teddy could overcome his sickness.
Mr. Roosevelt set up a gym in the Roosevelt’s house. Teddy worked out more
and more, and after a while began to get stronger. But none of this
happened overnight. When Teddy went to Harvard for college, he and a
friend published a book called “Summer Birds of The Adirondacks.” During
college, Teddy also was deeply saddened when his father died on February
On October 27, 1880, Theodore Roosevelt walked down the aisle. He
got married to Alice Lee. Theodore also went to Columbia University Law
School. He also wrote a book called “The Naval War of 1812.” He went to
balls and opera’s. And was a very busy man. In 1883, Theodore went West
for a year. When came back from the trip, a new baby girl was born.
Unfortunately, soon after the baby was born, on February 14, in the early
morning, Teddy’s beloved mother died. If that were not enough, Alice died
of Kidney Disease that afternoon.
Teddy, still grieving from the loss of Alice and his mother, went
to the Dakota Territories for several years. He later said that he
wouldn’t have been the same if it wasn’t for the years he spent in the
Dakota Territories.” When he got back from the Dakota’s he married Edith
Carow. In the Spanish-American war in 1898, Theodore was the commander of
a cavalry known as “The Rough Riders.” His work there helped him become
elected as the Governor of New York the same year.
During the Spanish-American War, Roosevelt was lieutenant colonel
of the Rough Rider Regiment, which he led on a charge at the battle of San
Juan. He was one of the most conspicuous heroes of the war.
Boss Tom Platt, needing a hero to draw attention away from
scandals in New York State, accepted Roosevelt as the Republican candidate
for Governor in 1898. Roosevelt won and served with distinction.
As President, Roosevelt held the ideal that the Government should
be the great arbiter of the conflicting economic forces in the Nation,
especially between capital and labor, guaranteeing justice to each and
dispensing favors to none.
Roosevelt emerged spectacularly as a “trust buster” by forcing the
dissolution of a great railroad combination in the Northwest. Other
antitrust suits under the Sherman Act followed.
Roosevelt steered the United States more actively into world
politics. He liked to quote a favorite proverb, “Speak softly and carry a
big stick. . . . ”
Aware of the strategic need for a shortcut between the Atlantic
and Pacific, Roosevelt ensured the construction of the Panama Canal. His
corollary to the Monroe Doctrine prevented the establishment of foreign
bases in the Caribbean and arrogated the sole right of intervention in
Latin America to the United States.
He won the Nobel Peace Prize for mediating the Russo-Japanese War,
he also reached a Gentleman’s Agreement on immigration with Japan, and he
sent the Great White Fleet on a goodwill tour of the world.
Some of Theodore Roosevelt’s most effective achievements were in
conservation. He added enormously to the national forests in the West,
reserved lands for public use, and fostered great irrigation projects.
He crusaded endlessly on matters big and small, exciting audiences
with his high-pitched voice, jutting jaw, and pounding fist. “The life of
strenuous endeavor” was a must for those around him, as he romped with his
five younger children and led ambassadors on hikes through Rock Creek Park
in Washington, D.C.
Leaving the Presidency in 1909, Roosevelt went on an African
safari, then jumped back into politics. In 1912 he ran for President on a
Progressive ticket. To reporters he once remarked that he felt as fit as a
bull moose, the name of his new party.
While campaigning in Milwaukee, he was shot in the chest by a
fanatic. Roosevelt soon recovered, but his words at that time would have
been applicable at the time of his death in 1919: “No man has had a
happier life than I have led; a happier life in every way.”
Monroe Doctrine: a U.S. foreign policy that opposes European intervention
in the political affairs of the Western hemisphere. It was first laid down
by President James Monroe in 1823, who stated that “the American
continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed
and maintained, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future
colonization by any European powers. . . . We should consider any attempt
on their part to extend their system to any part of this hemisphere as
dangerous to our peace and safety.” In return, the U.S agreed not to
interfere in the internal affairs of Europe. The Monroe Doctrine was at
the center of debate regarding U.S. involvement in World War I and World
War II, and was also invoked during the Cuban missile crisis in 1962, when
the Soviet Union installed nuclear missiles in Cuba-a violation of the
Monroe Doctrine. However, analysts claim that the
Monroe Doctrine is now declining in importance.
Assassination: The act of assassinating; a killing by treacherous